Quotations Menu Comments
Required - When quoting another work within the paper include author, year, and page citation or paragraph number.
In-Text Quotations - An in-text quotation should integrate effectively into the sentence and/or paragraph structure of your paper and should appear within double quotation marks.
Long Quotations - Particularly long quotations should appear as a block quotation.
Block Quotes - Block quotes are properly formatted by left justifying the text of the quotation, starting the quote on its own line, indenting the entire quote a half-inch from the left margin, and by citing the source (Surname, year, p. #) in parentheses following the quote punctuation.
Punctuation & Interesting Cases
Inside Punctuation - For quotes less than 40 words the citation should appear after the quotation mark and before the punctuation.
After Punctuation - For block quotes cite the source (Surname, year, p. #) in parentheses following the quote punctuation.
Quote Changes - All direct quotations must be quoted exactly as written in original source, with the exception of changing the case of the first letter of the first word quoted to a capital letter. All other changes or omissions from the exact original source when quoting must be indicated, except when there is a citation within the original material you are quoting, in which case you may omit the citation unless doing so would alter the meaning of the quote.
Quotation Within a Quote - Single quotation marks are used when something is quoted within a quote. The outer-most quotation is indicated by double quotation marks, and a quote within a quote is indicated by single quotation marks (i.e. ' ').
Integrate Quote - Integrate this quote into the sentence so that it makes sense and is grammatically correct.
Intro Phrase Comma - A phrase that introduces a quote should be followed by a comma.
Intro Clause Colon - A clause that introduces a quote should be followed by a colon.
No Preceding Punctuation - This quotation does not need any preceding punctuation.